Kratom also known as Mitragyna speciosa can be described as a herbal supplement that is utilized traditionally in the region of Southeast Asia. It is mainly useful when it comes to easing pains and aches. It is primarily derived from a kind of evergreen tree. The dark green leaves of the plant are dried before being powdered or crushed.Kratom comes in various forms. It includes kratom powder, kratom capsules and so on. Fortified Kratom powders tend to be light brown or green in color. The alkaloid compounds in Kratom are referred to as mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine. These alkaloids possess analgesic/pain relieving, muscle relaxant and anti-inflammatory effects. It is mostly used in managing pain that is related to medical conditions like fibromyalgia and arthritis.
There is minimal scientific information regarding the effects of Kratom on the human body. The plant might have a long history as a herbal medicine especially in the region of Southeast Asia. However, there has been significant abuse of the drug leading to its ban in Myanmar, Malaysia and Thailand. It should be noted that this is mainly as a result of its highly addictive potential.
Furthermore, there are certain chemicals in Kratom that can interfere with important drug-metabolizing enzymes located in the liver. This might result in very dangerous interactions with medications or other drugs.
The drug has variable and complex short-term effects on the human body. The delicate balance between opiate-like and stimulant-like effects is dependent upon the dose administered.
The predominate effects are the stimulant-like when taken in low dosage, say 1-5g. These effects are pleasant to some users but not to others, they are as follows:
- A heightened libido.
- Increased level of sociability.
- A decreased appetite.
- Increased alertness and energy.
Moderate to high doses
This dose means approximately 5-15g. The effects here are mainly opioid-like and can last for several hours. Some of these effects are as outlined below:
- Reduction in the symptoms of an opioid withdrawal.
- Suppression of coughs.
- Dreamlike and calm mental state.
- Pain reduction (analgesia).
The long-term effect of Kratom when taken in high doses are as follows:
- Weight loss and anorexia.
- Darkening of facial skin or hyperpigmentation.
The spectrum of side effects that is associated with the use of Kratom vary in severity i.e. inconvenient to outright dangerous. It should be noted that the following side effects on the human body is a function of the dose administered:
- Vomiting and nausea.
- Loss of motor coordination (tremors).
- Facial flushing.
- Pupillary constriction.
The side effects listed above are not exhaustive as there are others.
Pain is far from easy, this is because it can have a very negative effect on the quality of life that an individual leads. The above insightful information about how Kratom impacts our body clearly shows the benefits are significant but it is always advisable to first consult your healthcare provider to avoid any complications. Kratom is readily available in various forms i.e. tablet form, capsule form and in paste form. This is useful feature because it provides users with options to select from.